Superior design for superior results

 

 

Hanna Automatic Potentiometric Titration Systems

Hanna automatic titrators are designed to perform a wide variety of potentiometric titrations with high accuracy, flexibility, and reproducibility, allowing the user to obtain both accurate results and high-speed analysis. These titrators can perform fixed endpoint or equivalence point titrations and direct measurements by measuring the pH/mV and temperature of the sample. Reports and methods can be transferred to a PC via a USB interface, saved to a USB storage device, or printed directly from the titrator. An external keyboard can also be attached for added convenience.

 

Principal of Titration

 

Titration is used in analytical chemistry to determine the amount or concentration of a substance, known as the analyte. Titration is a quantitative measurement of an analyte in solution by its complete reaction with a reagent. In a titration, one reagent (the titrant) is slowly added to a solution containing the species being measured (the analyte). As it is added, a chemical reaction occurs between the titrant and analyte. The point at which the reaction is complete and an equivalent quantity of titrant and analyte are present (a stoichiometric equivalent) is called the equivalence point. This can be determined by a chemical indicator that is also present in the solution, or by a measurable physical change in the solution, like pH, electrode potential, conductivity, or light absorption (color). In practice, an abrupt change of this physical property signals the end of titration, called the endpoint.

The purpose of titration is to determine the quantity or concentration of an analyte with a known concentration and volume of a titrant. Titrations are based on chemical reactions which must fulfill four requirements:

  • The reaction between the analyte and the titrant must occur quickly, without a secondary reaction
  • The reaction must go to completion
  • The reaction must have well-known stoichiometry (reaction ratio)
  • Must have a convenient method of endpoint detection

Titrations are highly precise and can provide many advantages over alternative methods. Titrations are quickly performed and require relatively simple apparatus and instrumentation.

Automatic Titration

Automatic titration is done with instrumentation that delivers the titrant, stops at the endpoint and calculates the concentration of the analyte automatically. Automatic titrators are best for accurate and repeatable results, as an electrochemical measurement is used to determine the endpoint as opposed to a subjective color indicator.

Analyses that can be performed by potentiometric automatic titrators include:

    • Acid-base titrations
    • Oxidation reduction titrations
    • Complexometric titrations
    • Precipitation titrations
    • Non-aqueous titrations
    • Argentometric titrations
    • pH, ORP, and Ion selective measurements

The required equipment for automatic titration include an automatic titrator equipped with a burette, a standardized titrant, a volumetric pipette (to measure the sample volume) or analytical balance (to measure or weigh a sample), a beaker, a sensor, and a stirring mechanism.

The automatic titrator must have an accurate liquid-dispensing system. In high accuracy systems, this is typically a motor-driven piston burette, a valve system to switch between titrant inlet and outlet, and a titration tip to dispense the titrant into the sample solution. These three main subsystems must be as accurate as possible, with very low gear backlash in the burette drive mechanism, low piston seal flexing, accurate burette glass cylinder diameter, low dead volume in the valve, minimal evaporation/permeation and chemically resistant tubing.

 

Standards and Standardization

One of the substances involved in a titration must be used as a standard for which the amount of substance present is accurately known. The standard can be present either in the form of a pure substance or as a solution. The titrant solution can be standardized in two ways; using a primary standard, or more commonly, titrating it against a previously standardized solution.

Body

The Cycoloy® body is durable, heat-resistant, and resists staining. Menu buttons are part of the display, making it fully sealed and easy to clean.

Size

This new generation of titrator features a 50% smaller footprint than the HI902 Automatic Titrator for maximum use of your lab space. Use it in any sized space while providing accurate and consistent results.

Display

A high contrast LCD display makes every character on the display stand out and the wide viewing angle allows measurements to be seen from any angle. The backlight is adjustable for perfect viewing and a backlight saver option protects the display during periods of inactivity.

Experience

Virtual keys present on the display allow for simple and quick navigation between screens and menus without getting lost in a nest of information. If you need additional information about a screen, simply press the dedicated button for help.

 

Titrator Capabilities

 

Potentiometric-titration-Multiple-Titration-Types Potentiometric-titration-Customizable-Methods
Multiple titration types

Paired with the right electrode from our sensor line, this potentiometric titrator can perform any number of standard titrations, back titrations (HI932 only), as well as perform direct pH, ORP, and ion-selective readings.

Customizable methods

These titrators can store up to 100 user-defined or standard titration and direct measurement methods. Each method may be modified and optimized for performance based on application and user requirements.

 

Detailed titration graphs

A real-time titration curve can be displayed during each titration; this feature is useful when new methods are tested or when a procedure requires optimization.

Customizable analysis reports

Each analysis report is fully customizable to ensure the best data required for an application is stored and filed. The Multiselect feature makes batch processing simple.

 

Dynamic titrant dosing

The dynamic dosing feature allows for timely and accurate titration results by relating the titrant volume dosed to the mV response from the titration reaction. This provides for larger doses near the beginning of a titration and smaller, more precise doses near the titration endpoint.

Equivalence endpoint detection

Equivalence endpoint detection is critical in applications where fixed endpoints are not specified in standard methods. This endpoint indicates where the mV response from the titration is greatest with respect to the volume of titrant dosed.

Multiple equivalence point detection 
(HI932)

HI932 can detect multiple equivalence points during one titration as specified and required in certain standard methods and applications

Signal stability timing

The signal stability feature monitors when the mV response of the titration reaction stabilizes before providing the next titrant dose. This ensures reliable measurement values throughout the length of a titration.

Streamline your testing with method sequencing 
(HI932)

Reduce downtime and increase efficiency when you perform multiple analyses linked in sequence with the HI932. A linked method function allows for two analyses to be run on the same sample including direct measurements, fixed endpoint titrations, multiple (up to 5) equivalence point titrations, and back titrations. Track your progress in real-time with onscreen titration curves.

Interactive color display

A large, color LCD screen clearly shows the chosen titration method along with results, units, titration volume, temperature, and mV or pH values.

 Potentiometric-titration-Burette-Removal

Clip Lock™ exchangeable burette system

With Hanna’s Clip-Lock™ burette feature, it only takes a few seconds to exchange titrants and reagents preventing cross-contamination and saving time.

 

Potentiometric-titration-Burette Potentiometric-titration-Precision-Dosing-Pump
 
Multiple burette sizes

These titrators are supplied with a 25 mL burette but may be equipped with a 5 mL, 10 mL, or 50 mL burette. Each burette is constructed with a ground glass syringe and chemically resistant PTFE plunger.

Precision dosing pump

Our unmatched 40,000-step piston driven pump is capable of dosing extremely small and highly accurate volumes of titrant or reagent.

 
Chemically resistant tubing

Aspiration and dispensing tubes are constructed of durable, chemically resistant PTFE and feature a light-blocking polyurethane outer sleeve to protect light sensitive reagents.

 

Automatic reagent addition

A peristaltic pump or a second burette may be programmed to volumetrically dispense reagent prior to titration or direct measurement or aspirate post-analysis. This helps achieve consistent and accurate results and prevents operator errors such as incorrect volumes or forgetting reagent addition.

 

 

 Potentiometric-titration-USB-Key

 

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Superior design for superior results

 

 

Hanna Automatic Potentiometric Titration Systems

Hanna automatic titrators are designed to perform a wide variety of potentiometric titrations with high accuracy, flexibility, and reproducibility, allowing the user to obtain both accurate results and high-speed analysis. These titrators can perform fixed endpoint or equivalence point titrations and direct measurements by measuring the pH/mV and temperature of the sample. Reports and methods can be transferred to a PC via a USB interface, saved to a USB storage device, or printed directly from the titrator. An external keyboard can also be attached for added convenience.

 

Principal of Titration

 

Titration is used in analytical chemistry to determine the amount or concentration of a substance, known as the analyte. Titration is a quantitative measurement of an analyte in solution by its complete reaction with a reagent. In a titration, one reagent (the titrant) is slowly added to a solution containing the species being measured (the analyte). As it is added, a chemical reaction occurs between the titrant and analyte. The point at which the reaction is complete and an equivalent quantity of titrant and analyte are present (a stoichiometric equivalent) is called the equivalence point. This can be determined by a chemical indicator that is also present in the solution, or by a measurable physical change in the solution, like pH, electrode potential, conductivity, or light absorption (color). In practice, an abrupt change of this physical property signals the end of titration, called the endpoint.

The purpose of titration is to determine the quantity or concentration of an analyte with a known concentration and volume of a titrant. Titrations are based on chemical reactions which must fulfill four requirements:

  • The reaction between the analyte and the titrant must occur quickly, without a secondary reaction
  • The reaction must go to completion
  • The reaction must have well-known stoichiometry (reaction ratio)
  • Must have a convenient method of endpoint detection

Titrations are highly precise and can provide many advantages over alternative methods. Titrations are quickly performed and require relatively simple apparatus and instrumentation.

Automatic Titration

Automatic titration is done with instrumentation that delivers the titrant, stops at the endpoint and calculates the concentration of the analyte automatically. Automatic titrators are best for accurate and repeatable results, as an electrochemical measurement is used to determine the endpoint as opposed to a subjective color indicator.

Analyses that can be performed by potentiometric automatic titrators include:

    • Acid-base titrations
    • Oxidation reduction titrations
    • Complexometric titrations
    • Precipitation titrations
    • Non-aqueous titrations
    • Argentometric titrations
    • pH, ORP, and Ion selective measurements

The required equipment for automatic titration include an automatic titrator equipped with a burette, a standardized titrant, a volumetric pipette (to measure the sample volume) or analytical balance (to measure or weigh a sample), a beaker, a sensor, and a stirring mechanism.

The automatic titrator must have an accurate liquid-dispensing system. In high accuracy systems, this is typically a motor-driven piston burette, a valve system to switch between titrant inlet and outlet, and a titration tip to dispense the titrant into the sample solution. These three main subsystems must be as accurate as possible, with very low gear backlash in the burette drive mechanism, low piston seal flexing, accurate burette glass cylinder diameter, low dead volume in the valve, minimal evaporation/permeation and chemically resistant tubing.

 

Standards and Standardization

One of the substances involved in a titration must be used as a standard for which the amount of substance present is accurately known. The standard can be present either in the form of a pure substance or as a solution. The titrant solution can be standardized in two ways; using a primary standard, or more commonly, titrating it against a previously standardized solution.

Body

The Cycoloy® body is durable, heat-resistant, and resists staining. Menu buttons are part of the display, making it fully sealed and easy to clean.

Size

This new generation of titrator features a 50% smaller footprint than the HI902 Automatic Titrator for maximum use of your lab space. Use it in any sized space while providing accurate and consistent results.

Display

A high contrast LCD display makes every character on the display stand out and the wide viewing angle allows measurements to be seen from any angle. The backlight is adjustable for perfect viewing and a backlight saver option protects the display during periods of inactivity.

Experience

Virtual keys present on the display allow for simple and quick navigation between screens and menus without getting lost in a nest of information. If you need additional information about a screen, simply press the dedicated button for help.

 

Titrator Capabilities

 

Potentiometric-titration-Multiple-Titration-Types Potentiometric-titration-Customizable-Methods
Multiple titration types

Paired with the right electrode from our sensor line, this potentiometric titrator can perform any number of standard titrations, back titrations (HI932 only), as well as perform direct pH, ORP, and ion-selective readings.

Customizable methods

These titrators can store up to 100 user-defined or standard titration and direct measurement methods. Each method may be modified and optimized for performance based on application and user requirements.

 

Detailed titration graphs

A real-time titration curve can be displayed during each titration; this feature is useful when new methods are tested or when a procedure requires optimization.

Customizable analysis reports

Each analysis report is fully customizable to ensure the best data required for an application is stored and filed. The Multiselect feature makes batch processing simple.

 

Dynamic titrant dosing

The dynamic dosing feature allows for timely and accurate titration results by relating the titrant volume dosed to the mV response from the titration reaction. This provides for larger doses near the beginning of a titration and smaller, more precise doses near the titration endpoint.

Equivalence endpoint detection

Equivalence endpoint detection is critical in applications where fixed endpoints are not specified in standard methods. This endpoint indicates where the mV response from the titration is greatest with respect to the volume of titrant dosed.

Multiple equivalence point detection 
(HI932)

HI932 can detect multiple equivalence points during one titration as specified and required in certain standard methods and applications

Signal stability timing

The signal stability feature monitors when the mV response of the titration reaction stabilizes before providing the next titrant dose. This ensures reliable measurement values throughout the length of a titration.

Streamline your testing with method sequencing 
(HI932)

Reduce downtime and increase efficiency when you perform multiple analyses linked in sequence with the HI932. A linked method function allows for two analyses to be run on the same sample including direct measurements, fixed endpoint titrations, multiple (up to 5) equivalence point titrations, and back titrations. Track your progress in real-time with onscreen titration curves.

Interactive color display

A large, color LCD screen clearly shows the chosen titration method along with results, units, titration volume, temperature, and mV or pH values.

 Potentiometric-titration-Burette-Removal

Clip Lock™ exchangeable burette system

With Hanna’s Clip-Lock™ burette feature, it only takes a few seconds to exchange titrants and reagents preventing cross-contamination and saving time.

 

Potentiometric-titration-Burette Potentiometric-titration-Precision-Dosing-Pump
 
Multiple burette sizes

These titrators are supplied with a 25 mL burette but may be equipped with a 5 mL, 10 mL, or 50 mL burette. Each burette is constructed with a ground glass syringe and chemically resistant PTFE plunger.

Precision dosing pump

Our unmatched 40,000-step piston driven pump is capable of dosing extremely small and highly accurate volumes of titrant or reagent.

 
Chemically resistant tubing

Aspiration and dispensing tubes are constructed of durable, chemically resistant PTFE and feature a light-blocking polyurethane outer sleeve to protect light sensitive reagents.

 

Automatic reagent addition

A peristaltic pump or a second burette may be programmed to volumetrically dispense reagent prior to titration or direct measurement or aspirate post-analysis. This helps achieve consistent and accurate results and prevents operator errors such as incorrect volumes or forgetting reagent addition.

 

 

 Potentiometric-titration-USB-Key

 

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